This page is about the Marvel Comics character The Hulk and related media
The Hulk is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by writer Stan Lee and artist Jack Kirby, the character first appeared in the debut issue of The Incredible Hulk (May 1962). In his comic book appearances, the character is both the Hulk, a green-skinned, hulking and muscular humanoid possessing a vast degree of physical strength, and his alter ego Bruce Banner, a physically weak, socially withdrawn, and emotionally reserved physicist, the two existing as independent personalities and resenting of the other.
Following his accidental exposure to gamma rays during the detonation of an experimental bomb, Banner is physically transformed into the Hulk when subjected to emotional stress, at or against his will, often leading to destructive rampages and conflicts that complicate Banner’s civilian life. The Hulk’s level of strength is normally conveyed as proportionate to his level of anger. Commonly portrayed as a raging savage, the Hulk has been represented with other personalities based on Banner’s fractured psyche, from a mindless, destructive force, to a brilliant warrior, or genius scientist in his own right. Despite both Hulk and Banner’s desire for solitude, the character has a large supporting cast, including Banner’s lover Betty Ross, his friend Rick Jones, his cousin She-Hulk, sons Hiro-Kala and Skaar, and his co-founders of the superhero team the Avengers. However, his uncontrollable power has brought him into conflict with his fellow heroes and others.
One of the most iconic characters in popular culture, the character has appeared on a variety of merchandise, such as clothing and collectable items, inspired real-world structures (such as theme park attractions), and been referenced in a number of media. Banner and the Hulk have been adapted in live-action, animated, and video game incarnations. The most notable of these were the 1970s The Incredible Hulk television series, in which the character was portrayed by Bill Bixby and Lou Ferrigno. The character was first played in a live-action feature film by Eric Bana, with Edward Norton and Mark Ruffalo portraying the character in the films of the Marvel Cinematic Universe.
Comic books (from 1962)
The Incredible Hulk is an ongoing comic book series featuring the Marvel Comics superhero the Hulk and his alter ego Dr. Bruce Banner. First published in May 1962, the series ran for six issues before it was cancelled in March 1963, and the Hulk character began appearing in Tales to Astonish. With issue #102, Tales to Astonish was renamed to The Incredible Hulk in April 1968, becoming its second volume. The series continued to run until issue #474 in March 1999 when it was replaced with the series Hulk which ran until February 2000 and was retitled to The Incredible Hulk’s third volume, running until March 2007 when it became The Incredible Hercules with a new title character. The Incredible Hulk returned in September 2009 beginning at issue #600, which became The Incredible Hulks in November 2010 and focused on the Hulk and the modern incarnation of his expanded family. The series returned to The Incredible Hulk in December 2011 and ran until January 2013, when it was replaced with The Indestructible Hulk as part of Marvel’s Marvel NOW! relaunch.
The Marvel Super Heroes (1966 animated series)
The Marvel Super Heroes is an American / Canadian animated television series starring five comic-book superheroes from Marvel Comics. The first TV series based on Marvel characters, it debuted in syndication on U.S. television in 1966.
First broadcast September 1, 1966
The show was an umbrella series of five segments, each approximately seven minutes long, broadcast on local television stations that aired the show at different times. The series ran initially as a half-hour program made up of three seven-minute segments of a single superhero, separated by a short description of one of the other four heroes. It has also been broadcast as a mixture of various heroes in a half-hour timeslot, and as individual segments as filler or within a children’s TV program.
The segments were: “Captain America”, “The Incredible Hulk”, “Iron Man”, “The Mighty Thor”, and “The Sub-Mariner”.
For the “Incredible Hulk” segment, Canadian actor and television personality Paul Soles voiced the character of Bruce Banner while Canadian radio personality and satirist Max Ferguson provided the voice of the Hulk.
The Incredible Hulk (1978-82 live action series)
The Incredible Hulk is an American television series based on the Marvel Comics character The Hulk. The series aired on the CBS television network and starred Bill Bixby as David Banner, Lou Ferrigno as the Hulk, and Jack Colvin as Jack McGee.
In the TV series, Dr. David Banner, a widowed physician and scientist, who is presumed dead, travels across America under assumed names (his false surnames always begin with the letter “B”, but he keeps his first name), and finds himself in positions where he helps others in need despite his terrible secret: in times of extreme anger or stress, he transforms into a huge, incredibly strong green creature, who has been named “The Hulk”. In his travels, Banner earns money by working temporary jobs while searching for a way to either control or cure his condition. All the while, he is obsessively pursued by a tabloid newspaper reporter, Jack McGee, who is convinced that the Hulk is a deadly menace whose exposure would enhance his career.
The series’ two-hour pilot movie, which established the Hulk’s origins, aired on November 4, 1977 (US); May 26, 1978 (UK). The series’ 82 episodes was originally broadcast by CBS over five seasons from 1978 to 1982. It was developed and produced by Kenneth Johnson, who also wrote or directed some episodes. The series ends with David Banner continuing to search for a cure.
In 1988, the filming rights were purchased from CBS by rival NBC. They produced three television films: The Incredible Hulk Returns (directed by Nicholas J. Corea), The Trial of the Incredible Hulk, and The Death of the Incredible Hulk (both directed by Bill Bixby). Since its debut, The Incredible Hulk series has garnered a worldwide fan base.
Comic strip (1978-82)
The Incredible Hulk is a syndicated newspaper strip, which debuted on October 30, 1978 and ran until September 5, 1982 by King Features Syndicate.
Initially written by Stan Lee and drawn by Larry Lieber, this strip modelled its version of the character after the television series airing at the time, with Banner’s first name being given as “David”, the McGee character, and a “wandering man” format. Although the depiction of the Hulk matched the comic books in terms of visual design, he did not speak dialog which is akin to the television version of the character.
Hulk Comic (later The Incredible Hulk Weekly) was a black-and-white Marvel UK comics anthology published under the editorship of Dez Skinn starting in March, 1979.
The Incredible Hulk (1982-83 animated series)
The Incredible Hulk is an animated television series based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name. The series ran for 13 episodes on NBC in 1982, part of a combined hour with Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends (as The Incredible Hulk and the Amazing Spider-Man). Compared to the live-action The Incredible Hulk television series from Universal, this series followed the Hulk comic books much more closely, particularly with regard to the Hulk’s origin, the supporting cast, and the heavy use of fantastical elements. This was the second Hulk animated series: in 1966, the Hulk appeared in 39 seven-minute segments as part of TV’s The Marvel Super Heroes.
First broadcast September 18, 1982
In this series, Bruce Banner is voiced by American actor Michael Bell and American voice actor Bob Holt, the Hulk. Character creator Stan Lee was the series narrator.
The Incredible Hulk Returns (1988)
The Incredible Hulk Returns is an American made-for-television superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character the Hulk which serves as a continuation of the 1978–1982 television series The Incredible Hulk.
In The Incredible Hulk Returns, Dr. David Banner, a scientist who transforms into a green-skinned superhuman monster when enraged, believes that he has found a potential cure for his condition, but he is sabotaged by the inexplicable arrival of the arrogant warrior-god Thor, who has been banished from Valhalla. The two then team-up to battle a rising criminal organisation. Bill Bixby returns as Banner and Lou Ferrigno reprises his role of the Hulk. Eric Kramer makes his first and only appearance as Thor. This was also Jack Colvin‘s last appearance as Jack McGee.
First broadcast May 22, 1988
The Trial of the Incredible Hulk (1989)
The Trial of the Incredible Hulk is an American made-for-television superhero film based on the 1978–1982 television series The Incredible Hulk featuring both the Hulk and fellow Marvel Comics character Daredevil, who team up to defeat Wilson Fisk. As was the case with The Incredible Hulk Returns, this television movie also acted as a backdoor television pilot for a series, in this case, for Daredevil. The Trial of the Incredible Hulk was directed by and starring Bill Bixby. Also starring are Lou Ferrigno, Rex Smith and John Rhys-Davies.
First broadcast May 7, 1989
The Death of the Incredible Hulk (1990)
The Death of the Incredible Hulk is an American made-for-television superhero film, the last of three revival films based on the 1978–1982 television series The Incredible Hulk. Bill Bixby reprises his role as Dr. David Bruce Banner and Lou Ferrigno returns to play the Hulk. Prior to Bill Bixby’s death in 1993, there was talk of a movie The Rebirth of the Incredible Hulk television movie which would resurrect the character.
First broadcast February 18, 1990 (US)
The Incredible Hulk (1994 video game)
The Incredible Hulk is a side-scrolling action video game released for the Super NES, Genesis, Master System, and Game Gear. The game was originally released in August, 1994 and was published by U.S. Gold.
The Incredible Hulk (1996-97 animated series)
The Incredible Hulk is an American animated television series starring the Marvel Comics character the Hulk. It ran two seasons, for 21 episodes, on the television network UPN from 1996 to 1997. Lou Ferrigno, who portrayed Universal’s version of the Hulk on the live-action TV series from 1978 to 1982, provided the Hulk’s voice.
First broadcast September 8, 1996 (US); April 26, 1997 (UK)
The show often featured cameo appearances by characters from other Marvel cartoons of the period. In the second season, the show’s format, after UPN decided that season one was too dark, was changed, and to give “female viewers a chance”, the network ordered that She-Hulk be made a regular co-star. As a result, the series was officially renamed The Incredible Hulk and She-Hulk. The second season also featured the Grey Hulk, who previously made two cameo appearances in the first season.
Dr Bruce Banner was voiced by American actor Neal McDonough. Other well known actors guested on the show, including Luke Perry, Matt Frewer, and Mark Hamill.
The Incredible Hulk: The Pantheon Saga (1996 video game)
The Incredible Hulk: The Pantheon Saga is a video game that was developed by Attention to Detail and published by Eidos Interactive for the Sony PlayStation, Sega Saturn and MS-DOS in December, 1996. The single player, side-scrolling action game is loosely based on storylines from the early 1990s issues of the Incredible Hulk comic book series.
The Incredible Hulk Coaster
The Incredible Hulk Coaster is a launched roller coaster located in the Universal’s Islands of Adventure theme park at Universal Orlando Resort. As the name suggests, the ride is themed after the comic book superhero character, the Hulk. The ride was positively received when it opened on May 28, 1999. It is the first Bolliger & Mabillard roller coaster to feature a launch design, primarily implemented by Universal Creative and MTS Systems Corporation. The launched lift hill accelerates the train to 40 mph (64 km/h) in approximately two seconds and reaches a top speed of 67 mph (108 km/h). Riders experience seven inversions throughout the course of the 3,800-foot-long (1,200 m) ride. The roller coaster temporarily closed on September 8, 2015, for a major refurbishment, reopening to the public on August 4, 2016.
The Incredible Hulk Original Soundtrack Recording
The Incredible Hulk: Original Soundtrack Recording is the licensed promotional soundtrack from the 1970s/1980s television series adaptation of The Incredible Hulk. Released November, 1999.