2BD was a local radio station opened on October 10, 1923 in Aberdeen, Scotland, by the British Broadcasting Company (later to become the British Broadcasting Corporation). Operating from a studio at the rear of a shop belonging to Aberdeen Electrical Engineering at 17 Belmont Street and a transmitter located on the premises of the Aberdeen Steam Laundry Company, the station broadcast on a frequency of 606 kHz (495 m) medium wave.
In May 1925, 2BD’s premises were extended to take in number 15 Belmont Street; however, in 1926 the “Geneva Frequency Plan” cut the number of available wavelengths by 50%. 2BD’s frequency was changed to 610 kHz (491.8 m) with effect from November 14, 1926 and then a month later – because of the interference caused by 2BD having to share a frequency with the BBC’s Birmingham station, 5IT – to 600 kHz (500 m). In time, the Aberdeen station, along with other local Scottish transmitters, was replaced by a Scottish Regional Programme covering most of the country on a single high-power medium-wave frequency, while a long-wave transmitter (sited first at Chelmsford, then Daventry, and finally at Droitwich) was powerful enough to provide a National Programme audible throughout most of the United Kingdom, and “2BD” was last heard from in 1929.
BBC Parliament is a British television channel which broadcasts live and recorded coverage of the House of Commons, House of Lords and Select Committees of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the Scottish Parliament, the London Assembly, the Northern Ireland Assembly and the Welsh Assembly. The channel also broadcasts reports from the European Parliament and the annual conferences of the main political parties and the Trades Union Congress. On average, 1.2% of the UK’s total population watch the channel for more than three minutes at least once per week; these viewers watch for an average of just over two hours each over the course of the week.
Before being taken over by the BBC, the channel was known as the Parliamentary Channel, operated by United Artists Cable and funded by a consortium of British cable operators. The Parliamentary Channel launched as a cable-exclusive channel on January 13, 1992. The channel was purchased by the BBC in 1998, retitled BBC Parliament and relaunched on September 23, 1998. It now broadcasts on cable, satellite, and Freeview.
BBC Choice was a BBC TV station which launched on September 23, 1998 and closed on February 8, 2003. It was the first British TV channel to broadcast exclusively in digital format, as well as the BBC’s second non-terrestrial channel launch (following on from the BBC News channel in 1997).
BBC Choice initially broadcast from 5 pm nightly; this later switched to 7 pm. The 7 pm start carried over into its successor BBC Three. BBC Choice also aired children’s programmes, initially at weekends and subsequently daily during the daytime; this duty transferred to CBBC Channel and CBeebies when they launched in February 2002.
When BBC Choice launched, no digital TV receivers were available to the general public as Sky Digital (launched October 1, 1998) and ONdigital (November 15, 1998) had not yet launched. Instead, the launch was broadcast online over the internet, with the first day’s schedule including a Tomorrow’s World guide to digital television and repeats of the very first episodes of EastEnders and Monty Python’s Flying Circus.
In August 2000, the BBC announced that it would replace BBC Choice as soon as possible with BBC Three, which would be a continuation of the “youth” aspect of the new BBC Choice. But the government delayed approving the relaunch, which formed part of wider plans to reshape the BBC’s digital provision, plans which also included the proposed BBC Four, two children’s channels and five digital radio stations.
Brian Matthew (17 September 17. 1928 – 8 April 8, 2017) was an English broadcaster who worked for the BBC for 63 years from 1954 until 2017. He was the host of Saturday Club, among other programmes, and began presenting Sounds of the 60s in 1990, often employing the same vocabulary and the same measured delivery he had used in previous decades.
In January 2017, after a short break from the programme owing to a minor illness, the BBC announced, against Matthew’s wishes, that he would not be returning to the programme and that he would be replaced. He was succeeded by Tony Blackburn. Matthew died on 8 April 2017.
On March 20, 1936 the Belfast transmitter was replaced by a new, more powerful transmitter broadcasting from Lisnagarvey on a wavelength of 307 m (977 kHz), the service having been renamed as the Northern Ireland Regional Programme on January 6, 1935.
With the resumption of regional broadcasting after World War II, this station became the Northern Ireland Home Service, and later BBC Radio 4 Northern Ireland. 2BE’s successor station today is BBC Radio Ulster.